Nordstrom Fourth Quarter and Fiscal 2016 Earnings Exceeded Expectations

Achieved Record Sales of $14.5 Billion, Operating Model Improvements

SEATTLE--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Feb. 23, 2017-- Nordstrom, Inc. (NYSE: JWN) today reported fourth quarter earnings that exceeded expectations, reflecting continuous improvements to its operating model. Earnings per diluted share for the fourth quarter ended January 28, 2017 was $1.15, and when excluding the fourth quarter tax effect of the Trunk Club goodwill impairment, adjusted earnings per diluted share was $1.37. Fourth quarter results also included a non-operational gain of $0.10, which was not reflected in the Company's outlook. Net sales increased 2.4 percent and comparable sales decreased 0.9 percent.

For fiscal 2016, earnings per diluted share of $2.02 exceeded the Company's expectations driven by continued operational efficiencies in inventory and expense execution. Excluding the Trunk Club impairment charge, adjusted earnings per diluted share was $3.14, above the Company's outlook of $2.85 to $2.95. Net sales increased 2.9 percent and comparable sales decreased 0.4 percent.

In 2016, the Company reached record sales of $14.5 billion, achieving the following milestones in executing its growth plans:

  • continued market expansion into Canada for a total of five full-line stores, including two Toronto store openings in fall 2016, contributed $300 million in total sales
  • Nordstrom.com sales reached over $2.5 billion, representing approximately 25 percent of Nordstrom full-price sales
  • Nordstrom Rack sales grew 11 percent to $4.5 billion driven by 21 new store openings and 32 percent online growth; Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook reached $700 million, representing over 15 percent of off-price sales
  • Nordstrom Rewards active customers increased by 56 percent to 7.8 million; sales from Nordstrom Rewards customers represented 44 percent of sales
  • generated $1.6 billion in operating cash flow and $0.6 billion in free cash flow

FOURTH QUARTER SUMMARY

  • Fourth quarter net earnings were $201 million and earnings before interest and taxes (EBIT) was $424 million, or 10.0 percent of net sales, compared with net earnings of $180 million and EBIT of $324 million, or 7.8 percent of net sales for the same period in fiscal 2015.
    • Retail EBIT increased $84 million compared with the same quarter last year, reflecting non-operational items in 2016 and 2015. Excluding these items, Retail EBIT increased $12 million, or 3.3 percent.
    • Credit EBIT increased $16 million, primarily due to higher credit card revenues.
  • Total Company net sales of $4.2 billion for the fourth quarter increased 2.4 percent compared with net sales of $4.1 billion during the same period in fiscal 2015. Total Company comparable sales for the fourth quarter decreased 0.9 percent.
    • In the Nordstrom brand, including U.S. and Canada full-line stores and Nordstrom.com, net sales when combined with Trunk Club, decreased 1.1 percent and comparable sales decreased 2.7 percent.
    • Across U.S. full-line stores and Nordstrom.com, the top-performing merchandise categories were Women's Apparel and Beauty. The younger customer-focused departments in Women's Apparel continued to outperform, reflecting strength in denim and collaborations with new and emerging limited distribution brands. The East was the top-performing geographic region.
    • In the Nordstrom Rack brand, which consists of Nordstrom Rack stores and Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook, net sales increased 10.7 percent and comparable sales increased 4.3 percent. The East was the top-performing geographic region.
  • Retail gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, of 36.0 percent increased 112 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2015, reflecting strong inventory execution in addition to reduced competitive markdowns. Inventory declined 2.5 percent which reflected a positive spread of 5 percentage points relative to sales growth.
  • Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, of 27.6 percent decreased 60 basis points compared with the same period in fiscal 2015 primarily due to asset impairment charges of $50 million in 2015 and a non-operational legal settlement gain of $22 million in 2016. This was partially offset by performance-related costs associated with company performance.
  • During the quarter, the Company repurchased 4.0 million shares of its common stock for $189 million. A total of approximately $1.0 billion remains under existing share repurchase board authorizations, including the recent February 2017 authorization. The actual number, price, manner and timing of future share repurchases, if any, will be subject to market and economic conditions and applicable Securities and Exchange Commission rules.

FULL YEAR SUMMARY

  • Full year net earnings were $354 million and EBIT was $0.8 billion, or 5.6 percent of net sales, compared with net earnings of $600 million and EBIT of $1.1 billion, or 7.8 percent of net sales, for the same period in fiscal 2015.
    • Retail EBIT decreased $210 million relative to last year, primarily due to asset impairment charges and other non-operational items in 2016 and 2015. Excluding these items, Retail EBIT decreased $55 million, or 5.7 percent, primarily due to higher technology and fulfillment costs supporting multi-channel growth.
    • Credit EBIT decreased $86 million relative to last year due to the revenue-sharing program associated with the sale of the credit card receivables in October 2015.
  • Total Company net sales of $14.5 billion for fiscal year 2016 increased 2.9 percent compared with net sales of $14.1 billion during the same period in fiscal 2015. Total Company comparable sales for the fiscal year 2016 decreased 0.4 percent.
  • Retail gross profit, as a percentage of net sales, of 34.9 percent decreased 7 basis points compared with fiscal 2015.
  • Selling, general and administrative expenses, as a percentage of net sales, of 29.8 percent increased 19 basis points compared with fiscal 2015. The Company made meaningful progress in improving operational efficiencies, reflected by moderated expense growth related to technology, supply chain and marketing of 10 percent, relative to an annual average of 20 percent over the past five years.
  • Return on invested capital (ROIC) for the 12 months ended January 28, 2017 was 8.4 percent compared with 10.7 percent in the prior 12-month period. This decrease was primarily due to the non-cash goodwill impairment of Trunk Club. Excluding this impairment, adjusted ROIC of 11.7 percent increased 97 basis points, benefiting from the sale of the credit card receivables. A reconciliation of this non-GAAP financial measure to the closest GAAP measure is included below. Additionally, the impact of the impairment on ROIC is quantified.

EXPANSION UPDATE

Nordstrom has announced plans to open the following stores in fiscal 2017, consisting of one new full-line store, 15 new Nordstrom Rack stores, two full-line store relocations and one Nordstrom Rack store relocation:

Location   Store Name   Square

Footage

(000's)

  Timing
             
Nordstrom - U.S.            
Los Angeles, California   Westfield Century City1   149   October 6
San Diego, California   University Towne Center2   145   October 12
             
Nordstrom - Canada            
Toronto, Ontario   CF Sherway Gardens   140   September 15
             
Nordstrom Rack            
Winter Park, Florida   Winter Park Square   25   March 9
Kildeer, Illinois   Kildeer Village Square   33   April 6
Schererville, Indiana   Shops on Main   25   April 6
Woodbury, Minnesota   CityPlace   26   April 6
Austin, Texas   The Parke   31   April 6
Novato, California   Vintage Oaks Shopping Center   39   May 11
Daly City, California   Serramonte Center3   40   Fall
Los Angeles, California   FIGat7th   27   Fall
Noridge, Illinois   Harlem Irving Plaza (The HIP)   33   Fall
Glenarden, Maryland   Woodmore Towne Center   30   Fall
Minneapolis, Minnesota   IDS Center's Crystal Court   39   Fall
New York City, New York   855 6th Avenue   47   Fall
Memphis, Tennessee   Poplar Commons   33   Fall
Frisco, Texas   The Centre at Preston Ridge   33   Fall
Bellevue, Washington   Lincoln Square Expansion   43   Fall
Kirkland, Washington   The Village at Totem Lake   35   Fall

1 Nordstrom plans to relocate its full-line store at Westside Pavilion in Los Angeles to the nearby Westfield Century City.
2 Nordstrom plans to relocate its full-line store at University Towne Center in San Diego to another location within the same center.
3 Nordstrom plans to relocate its Rack store in Colma to the nearby Serramonte Center.

         
Number of stores   January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Nordstrom full-line – U.S.   118   118
Nordstrom full-line – Canada   5   3
Nordstrom Rack   215   194
Other1   11   8
Total   349   323
1 Other includes our Trunk Club clubhouses, Jeffrey boutiques and our Last Chance stores.
         
Gross square footage   29,792,000   28,610,000
         

FISCAL YEAR 2017 OUTLOOK

The Company's expectations for fiscal 2017 are as follows:

Net sales (percent)   3 to 4 increase
Comparable sales (percent)   Approximately flat
Retail EBIT   $780 to $840 million
Credit EBIT   Approximately $135 million
Earnings per diluted share (excluding the impact of any future share repurchase)   $2.75 to $3.00
     

The Company's outlook includes the impact of the 53rd week, which is estimated to add approximately $200 million to total net sales. The 53rd week is not included in comparable sales calculations.

CONFERENCE CALL INFORMATION

The Company's senior management will host a conference call to discuss fourth quarter 2016 results and fiscal 2017 outlook at 4:45 p.m. Eastern Standard Time today. To listen to the live call online and view the speakers' prepared remarks and the conference call slides, visit the Investor Relations section of the Company's corporate website at http://investor.nordstrom.com. An archived webcast with the speakers' prepared remarks and the conference call slides will be available in the Quarterly Earnings section for one year. Interested parties may also dial 201-689-8354. A telephone replay will be available beginning approximately three hours after the conclusion of the call by dialing 877-660-6853 or 201-612-7415 and entering Conference ID 13654137, until the close of business on March 2, 2017.

ABOUT NORDSTROM

Nordstrom, Inc. is a leading fashion specialty retailer based in the U.S. Founded in 1901 as a shoe store in Seattle, today Nordstrom operates 349 stores in 40 states, including 123 full-line stores in the United States, Canada and Puerto Rico; 215 Nordstrom Rack stores; two Jeffrey boutiques; and two clearance stores. Additionally, customers are served online through Nordstrom.com, Nordstromrack.com and HauteLook. The Company also owns Trunk Club, a personalized clothing service serving customers online at TrunkClub.com and its seven clubhouses. Nordstrom, Inc.'s common stock is publicly traded on the NYSE under the symbol JWN.

Certain statements in this news release contain or may suggest "forward-looking" information (as defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995) that involve risks and uncertainties including, but not limited to, anticipated financial outlook for the fiscal year ending February 3, 2018, anticipated annual total and comparable sales rates, anticipated new store openings in existing, new and international markets, anticipated Return on Invested Capital and trends in our operations. Such statements are based upon the current beliefs and expectations of the Company's management and are subject to significant risks and uncertainties. Actual future results may differ materially from historical results or current expectations depending upon factors including, but not limited to: successful execution of our customer strategy, including expansion into new domestic and international markets, acquisitions, investments in our stores and online as well as investments in technology, our ability to realize the anticipated benefits from growth initiatives and our ability to provide a seamless experience across all channels; timely and effective execution of our ecommerce initiatives and ability to manage the costs and organizational changes associated with this evolving business model; timely completion of construction associated with newly planned stores, relocations and remodels, all of which may be impacted by the financial health of third parties; our ability to maintain relationships with our employees and to effectively attract, develop and retain our future leaders; effective inventory management processes and systems, fulfillment processes and systems, disruptions in our supply chain and our ability to control costs; the impact of any systems failures, cybersecurity and/or security breaches, including any security breach of our systems or those of a third-party provider that results in the theft, transfer or unauthorized disclosure of customer, employee or Company information or compliance with information security and privacy laws and regulations in the event of such an incident; successful execution of our information technology strategy; our ability to effectively utilize data in strategic planning and decision making; efficient and proper allocation of our capital resources; our ability to realize the expected benefits, respond to potential risks and appropriately manage costs associated with our program agreement with TD Bank, N.A.; our ability to safeguard our reputation and maintain our vendor relationships; our ability to respond to the business environment, fashion trends and consumer preferences, including changing expectations of service and experience in stores and online, and evolve our business model; the effectiveness of planned advertising, marketing and promotional campaigns in the highly competitive and promotional retail industry; the timing, price, manner and amounts of share repurchases by the Company, if any, or any share issuances by the Company, including issuances associated with option exercises or other matters; the impact of economic and market conditions and the resultant impact on consumer spending patterns; weather conditions, natural disasters, health hazards, national security or other market disruptions, or the prospects of these events and the resulting impact on consumer spending patterns; our compliance with applicable domestic and international laws, regulations and ethical standards, including those related to banking, employment and tax and the outcome of claims and litigation and resolution of such matters; the impact of the current regulatory environment and financial system and health care reforms; and compliance with debt covenants, availability and cost of credit, changes in our credit rating, changes in interest rates, debt repayment patterns and personal bankruptcies. Our SEC reports, including our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 30, 2016, our Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarters ended April 30, 2016, July 30, 2016 and October 29, 2016, and our Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2017, to be filed with the SEC on or about March 20, 2017, contain other information on these and other factors that could affect our financial results and cause actual results to differ materially from any forward-looking information we may provide. The Company undertakes no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements to reflect subsequent events, new information or future circumstances.

         
NORDSTROM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS

(unaudited; amounts in millions, except per share amounts)
         
    Quarter Ended   Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016   January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Net sales   $ 4,243     $ 4,143     $ 14,498     $ 14,095  
Credit card revenues, net   73     51     259     342  
Total revenues   4,316     4,194     14,757     14,437  
Cost of sales and related buying and occupancy costs   (2,720 )   (2,700 )   (9,440 )   (9,168 )
Selling, general and administrative expenses   (1,172 )   (1,170 )   (4,315 )   (4,168 )
Goodwill impairment           (197 )    
Earnings before interest and income taxes   424     324     805     1,101  
Interest expense, net   (31 )   (30 )   (121 )   (125 )
Earnings before income taxes   393     294     684     976  
Income tax expense   (192 )   (114 )   (330 )   (376 )
Net earnings   $ 201     $ 180     $ 354     $ 600  
                 
Earnings per share:                
Basic   $ 1.17     $ 1.01     $ 2.05     $ 3.22  
Diluted   $ 1.15     $ 1.00     $ 2.02     $ 3.15  
                 
Weighted-average shares outstanding:                
Basic   172.7     178.1     173.2     186.3  
Diluted   175.7     180.7     175.6     190.1  
                         
         
NORDSTROM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(unaudited; amounts in millions)

 

    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Assets        
Current assets:        
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 1,007     $ 595  
Accounts receivable, net   199     196  
Merchandise inventories   1,896     1,945  
Prepaid expenses and other   140     278  
Total current assets   3,242     3,014  
         
Land, property and equipment, net   3,897     3,735  
Goodwill   238     435  
Other assets   481     514  
Total assets   $ 7,858     $ 7,698  
         
Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity        
Current liabilities:        
Accounts payable   $ 1,340     $ 1,324  
Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits   455     416  
Other current liabilities   1,223     1,161  
Current portion of long-term debt   661     10  
Total current liabilities   3,679     2,911  
         
Long-term debt, net   2,113     2,795  
Deferred property incentives, net   521     540  
Other liabilities   675     581  
         
Commitments and contingencies        
         
Shareholders' equity:        
Common stock, no par value: 1,000 shares authorized; 170.0 and 173.5 shares issued and outstanding   2,707     2,539  
Accumulated deficit   (1,794 )   (1,610 )
Accumulated other comprehensive loss   (43 )   (58 )
Total shareholders' equity   870     871  
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity   $ 7,858     $ 7,698  
                 
     
NORDSTROM, INC.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited; amounts in millions)

 

    Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Operating Activities        
Net earnings   $ 354     $ 600  
Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash provided by operating activities:        
Depreciation and amortization expenses   645     576  
Goodwill impairment   197      
Amortization of deferred property incentives and other, net   (75 )   (79 )
Deferred income taxes, net   (15 )   142  
Stock-based compensation expense   91     70  
Tax (deficiency) benefit from stock-based compensation   (1 )   15  
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation   (5 )   (15 )
Bad debt expense       26  
Change in operating assets and liabilities:        
Accounts receivable   (3 )   (56 )
Proceeds from sale of credit card receivables originated at Nordstrom       1,297  
Merchandise inventories   31     (203 )
Prepaid expenses and other assets   100     (126 )
Accounts payable   16     (2 )
Accrued salaries, wages and related benefits   33     (2 )
Other current liabilities   181     50  
Deferred property incentives   65     156  
Other liabilities   34     2  
Net cash provided by operating activities   1,648     2,451  
         
Investing Activities        
Capital expenditures   (846 )   (1,082 )
Change in credit card receivables originated at third parties       34  
Proceeds from sale of credit card receivables originated at third parties       890  
Other, net   55     14  
Net cash used in investing activities   (791 )   (144 )
         
Financing Activities        
Proceeds from long-term borrowings, net of discounts       16  
Principal payments on long-term borrowings   (10 )   (8 )
Defeasance of long-term debt       (339 )
Increase in cash book overdrafts   4     23  
Cash dividends paid   (256 )   (1,185 )
Payments for repurchase of common stock   (277 )   (1,192 )
Proceeds from issuances under stock compensation plans   83     94  
Excess tax benefit from stock-based compensation   5     15  
Other, net   6     37  
Net cash used in financing activities   (445 )   (2,539 )
         
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents   412     (232 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year   595     827  
Cash and cash equivalents at end of year   $ 1,007     $ 595  
                 

NORDSTROM, INC.
STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS — RETAIL BUSINESS
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)

Retail Business

Our Retail Business includes our Nordstrom U.S. and Canada full-line stores, Nordstrom.com, Nordstrom Rack stores, Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook, Trunk Club, Jeffrey and our Last Chance clearance stores. It also includes unallocated corporate center expenses. The following tables summarize the results of our Retail Business for the quarter and year ended January 28, 2017 compared with the quarter and year ended January 30, 2016:

    Quarter Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
    Amount   % of net sales1   Amount   % of net sales1
Net sales   $ 4,243     100.0 %   $ 4,143     100.0 %
Cost of sales and related buying and occupancy costs   (2,716 )   (64.0 %)   (2,698 )   (65.1 %)
Gross profit   1,527     36.0 %   1,445     34.9 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses   (1,134 )   (26.7 %)   (1,136 )   (27.4 %)
Earnings before interest and income taxes   $ 393     9.3 %   $ 309     7.5 %
 
    Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
    Amount   % of net sales1   Amount   % of net sales1
Net sales   $ 14,498     100.0 %   $ 14,095     100.0 %
Cost of sales and related buying and occupancy costs   (9,434 )   (65.1 %)   (9,161 )   (65.0 %)
Gross profit   5,064     34.9 %   4,934     35.0 %
Selling, general and administrative expenses   (4,159 )   (28.7 %)   (4,016 )   (28.5 %)
Goodwill impairment   (197 )   (1.4 %)       %
Earnings before interest and income taxes   $ 708     4.9 %   $ 918     6.5 %

1 Subtotals and totals may not foot due to rounding.

The following table summarizes net sales and comparable sales within our Retail Business:

    Quarter Ended   Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016   January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
    Sales   Comp %   Sales   Comp %   Sales   Comp %   Sales   Comp %
Nordstrom full-line stores - U.S.   $ 2,058     (6.8 %)   $ 2,203     (3.2 %)   $ 7,186     (6.4 %)   $ 7,633     (1.1 %)
Nordstrom.com   844     8.0 %   782     10.8 %   2,519     9.5 %   2,300     15.2 %
Full-price   2,902     (2.9 %)   2,985     0.2 %   9,705     (2.7 %)   9,933     2.3 %
                                 
Nordstrom Rack   1,032     (0.5 %)   960     (3.0 %)   3,809     0.2 %   3,533     (1.0 %)
Nordstromrack.com/HauteLook   218     29.2 %   169     50.4 %   700     31.7 %   532     47.4 %
Off-price   1,250     4.3 %   1,129     3.6 %   4,509     4.5 %   4,065     4.3 %
                                 
Other retail1   171         127         554         378      
Total Retail segment   4,323         4,241         14,768         14,376      
Corporate/Other   (80 )       (98 )       (270 )       (281 )    
Total net sales   $ 4,243     (0.9 %)   $ 4,143     1.0 %   $ 14,498     (0.4 %)   $ 14,095     2.7 %

1 Other retail includes Nordstrom Canada full-line stores, Trunk Club and Jeffrey boutiques.

NORDSTROM, INC.
STATEMENTS OF EARNINGS — CREDIT
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)

Credit

On October 1, 2015, we completed the sale of a substantial majority of our U.S. Visa and private label credit card portfolio to TD Bank, N.A. ("TD"). Prior to the close of the credit card receivable transaction, credit card revenues included finance charges, interchange fees, late fees and other revenue, recorded net of estimated uncollectible finance charges and fees. We continue to recognize revenue in this manner for the credit card receivables retained subsequent to the close of the transaction.

Following the close of the transaction and pursuant to the program agreement with TD, we receive our portion of the ongoing credit card revenue, net of credit losses, from both the sold and newly generated credit card receivables, which is recorded in credit card revenues, net. Asset amortization and deferred revenue recognition associated with the assets and liabilities recorded as part of the transaction are also recorded in credit card revenues, net.

The following table summarizes the results of our Credit segment for the quarter and year ended January 28, 2017 compared with the quarter and year ended January 30, 2016:

    Quarter Ended   Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016   January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Credit card revenues, net   $ 73     $ 51     $ 259     $ 342  
Credit expenses   (42 )   (36 )   (162 )   (159 )
Earnings before interest and income taxes   31     15     97     183  
Interest expense               (13 )
Earnings before income taxes   $ 31     $ 15     $ 97     $ 170  
                                 

NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED EARNINGS AND ADJUSTED EARNINGS PER SHARE
(NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES)
(unaudited; amounts in millions, except per share amounts)

We believe that Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted Earnings Per Share provides useful information to investors in evaluating our business performance for the quarter and year ended January 28, 2017. The effect of excluding certain items from the net earnings provides management and shareholders an alternative measure to use in evaluating our business performance period over period.

Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted Earnings Per Share are not measures of financial performance under generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, net earnings, earnings per share and diluted earnings per share or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' financial measures and therefore may not be comparable to methods used by other companies. The financial measures calculated under GAAP which are most directly comparable to Adjusted Earnings and Adjusted Earnings Per Share are net earnings and diluted earnings per share, which are reconciled below:

    Quarter Ended January 28, 2017   Year Ended January 28, 2017
    Amount   Amount Per Share   Amount   Amount Per Share
Net earnings   $ 201     $ 1.15     $ 354     $ 2.02
Trunk Club goodwill impairment           197     1.12
Tax effect of non-deductible charges in interim period1   39     0.22        
Adjusted Earnings   $ 240     $ 1.37     $ 551     $ 3.14

1 The effect of taxes on the adjustments used to arrive at Adjusted Earnings is calculated based on applying the estimated annual effective tax rate to Adjusted Earnings plus other tax items for each interim period. The fourth quarter tax effect represents the reversal of the tax effect from the third quarter goodwill impairment charge.

NORDSTROM, INC.
RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL AND ADJUSTED RETURN ON INVESTED CAPITAL (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)

We believe ROIC is a useful financial measure for investors in evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of our use of capital and believe ROIC is an important component of shareholders' return over the long term. In addition, we incorporate ROIC in our executive incentive compensation measures. Excluding certain items from ROIC to arrive at an Adjusted ROIC provides management and shareholders an alternative measure to use in evaluating our results period over period. For the 12 fiscal months ended January 28, 2017, our ROIC decreased compared with the 12 fiscal months ended January 30, 2016, primarily due to reduced earnings largely impacted by the Trunk Club goodwill impairment, while our Adjusted ROIC increased primarily due to the sale of our credit card receivables in 2015.

We define ROIC as our net operating profit after tax divided by our average invested capital using the trailing 12-month average. ROIC and Adjusted ROIC are not measures of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, return on assets, net earnings, total assets or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to ROIC and Adjusted ROIC is return on assets. The following is a reconciliation of the components and adjustments to ROIC and return on assets:

    12 Fiscal Months Ended
    January 28, 2017  

January 30, 2016

    Unadjusted   Adjustments1   Adjusted  
Net earnings   $ 354     $ 197     $ 551     $ 600  
Add: income tax expense   330         330     376  
Add: interest expense   122         122     125  
Earnings before interest and income tax expense   806     197     1,003     1,101  
                 
Add: rent expense   202         202     176  
Less: estimated depreciation on capitalized operating leases2   (108 )       (108 )   (94 )
Net operating profit   900     197     1,097     1,183  
                 
Less: estimated income tax expense   (416 )       (416 )   (456 )
Net operating profit after tax   $ 484     $ 197     $ 681     $ 727  
                 
Average total assets   $ 7,917     $ 45     $ 7,962     $ 9,076  
Less: average non-interest-bearing current liabilities3   (3,012 )       (3,012 )   (2,993 )
Less: average deferred property incentives and deferred rent liability3   (644 )       (644 )   (548 )
Add: average estimated asset base of capitalized operating leases4   1,512         1,512     1,236  
Average invested capital   $ 5,773     $ 45     $ 5,818     $ 6,771  
                 
Return on assets   4.5 %           6.6 %
ROIC/Adjusted ROIC   8.4 %       11.7 %   10.7 %

1 The adjustments for the 12 months ended January 28, 2017 are due to the goodwill impairment charge of $197 related to Trunk Club.
2 Capitalized operating leases is our best estimate of the asset base we would record for our leases that are classified as operating if they had met the criteria for a capital lease or we had purchased the property. Asset base is calculated as described in footnote 4 below.
3 Balances associated with our deferred rent liability have been classified as long-term liabilities in the current period.
4 Based upon the trailing 12-month average of the monthly asset base. The asset base for each month is calculated as the trailing 12 months of rent expense multiplied by eight. The multiple of eight times rent expense is a commonly used method of estimating the asset base we would record for our capitalized operating leases described in footnote 2.

NORDSTROM, INC.
ADJUSTED DEBT TO EBITDAR (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; dollar amounts in millions)

Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is one of our key financial metrics, and we believe that our debt levels are best analyzed using this measure. Our goal is to manage debt levels to maintain an investment-grade credit rating and operate with an efficient capital structure. In evaluating our debt levels, this measure provides a reflection of our credit worthiness that could impact our credit rating and borrowing costs. We also have a debt covenant that requires an adjusted debt to EBITDAR leverage ratio of less than four times. As of January 28, 2017, our Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR was 2.4, compared with 2.2 as of January 30, 2016. This increase was primarily driven by an increase in our estimated capitalized operating lease liability.

Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, debt to net earnings, net earnings, debt or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR is debt to net earnings. The following is a reconciliation of the components of Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR and debt to net earnings:

   

20161

 

 

20151

 

Debt   $ 2,774     $ 2,805  
Add: estimated capitalized operating lease liability2   1,616     1,405  
Less: fair value hedge adjustment included in long-term debt   (12 )     (24 )  
Adjusted Debt   $ 4,378     $ 4,186  
         
Net earnings   $ 354     $ 600  
Add: income tax expense   330     376  
Add: interest expense, net   121     125  
Earnings before interest and income taxes   805     1,101  
         
Add: depreciation and amortization expenses   645     576  
Add: rent expense   202     176  
Add: non-cash acquisition-related charges3   198     9  
EBITDAR   $ 1,850     $ 1,862  
         
Debt to Net Earnings   7.8     4.7  
Adjusted Debt to EBITDAR   2.4     2.2  

1 The components of Adjusted Debt are as of January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016, while the components of EBITDAR are for the 12 months ended January 28, 2017 and January 30, 2016.
2 Based upon the estimated lease liability as of the end of the period, calculated as the trailing 12 months of rent expense multiplied by eight. The multiple of eight times rent expense is a commonly used method of estimating the debt we would record for our leases that are classified as operating if they had met the criteria for a capital lease or we had purchased the property.
3 Our revolver agreement stipulates that non-cash charges (including goodwill or other impairment charges) related to acquisitions be deducted in determining net earnings for purposes of our debt covenant calculation. As such, the Trunk Club goodwill impairment of $197 has been added back to arrive at EBITDAR for the 12 months ended January 28, 2017.

NORDSTROM, INC.
FREE CASH FLOW (NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURE)
(unaudited; amounts in millions)

Free Cash Flow is one of our key liquidity measures, and when used in conjunction with GAAP measures, provides investors with a meaningful analysis of our ability to generate cash from our business. For the year ended January 28, 2017, Free Cash Flow decreased to $550 compared with $1,131 for the year ended January 30, 2016, primarily due to proceeds received in 2015 related to the sale of credit card receivables.

Free Cash Flow is not a measure of financial performance under GAAP and should be considered in addition to, and not as a substitute for, operating cash flows or other financial measures prepared in accordance with GAAP. Our method of determining non-GAAP financial measures may differ from other companies' methods and therefore may not be comparable to those used by other companies. The financial measure calculated under GAAP which is most directly comparable to Free Cash Flow is net cash provided by operating activities. The following is a reconciliation of net cash provided by operating activities to Free Cash Flow:

    Year Ended
    January 28, 2017   January 30, 2016
Net cash provided by operating activities   $ 1,648     $ 2,451  
Less: capital expenditures   (846 )   (1,082 )
Less: cash dividends paid   (256 )   (1,185 )
Add: proceeds from sale of credit card receivables originated at third parties       890  
Add: change in credit card receivables originated at third parties       34  
Add: change in cash book overdrafts   4     23  
Free Cash Flow   $ 550     $ 1,131  

 

Source: Nordstrom, Inc.

Nordstrom, Inc.
INVESTOR CONTACT: Trina Schurman, 206-303-6503